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April 22, 2024

Illinois Supreme Court: State's Attorneys are subject to Freedom Of Information Act –

By John Kraft & Kirk Allen

On May 22, 2014

In an opinion filed on May 22, 2014, the Illinois Supreme Court decided the case of Nelson v. Kendall County. This determination came as we expected it would: That State’s Attorneys are “public bodies” and are subject to the Freedom Of Information Act. This reversed the Appellate Court decision and remanded it back to the circuit court for further proceedings.
This is a HUGE win for openness and transparency for Illinois!
Please read the summary (below) and the 10 page report (bottom) for more information.
From the Illinois Supreme Court website:
Nelson v. Kendall County 2014 IL 116303 (Short case summary HERE)

Appellate citation: 2013 IL App (2d) 120635.
JUSTICE KARMEIER delivered the judgment of the court, with opinion.
Chief Justice Garman and Justices Freeman, Thomas, Kilbride, Burke, and Theis concurred in the judgment and opinion.
This litigation stems from 2010, when the journalist who is the first named plaintiff here began making Freedom of Information Act requests for e-mails of Kendall County assistant State’s Attorneys and, ultimately, the State’s Attorney himself. Although some material was furnished, not all of it was provided, and eventually two separate actions were filed in the circuit court, which dismissed them. The circuit court’s ruling that the State’s Attorney’s office belongs to the judicial branch and is, thus, beyond the reach of the Freedom of Information Act, was challenged on appeal, where the appellate court affirmed the circuit court after consolidating the cases.
The Kendall County State’s Attorney’s office had contended that it did not qualify, within the meaning of the Freedom of Information Act, as a “public body” which could, under the Act, be compelled to provide documents. In this decision, the supreme court said this theory cannot be squared with the law. The Act itself specifies that the term “public bodies” includes all executive bodies, and the office of the State’s Attorney has long been recognized as an executive body of the State. As public bodies, State’s Attorney’s offices must make their public records available as provided by the Act, although some items may be exempt as provided by that law.
The supreme court said that the theory that the State’s Attorneys are part of the judicial branch is untenable. There is no sense in which State’s Attorneys can be regarded as part of the judiciary.
The appellate court’s affirmance of the dismissal of these actions was reversed, and the cause was remanded for further proceedings.
A more complete synopsis located here and is directly from the Illinois Supreme Court website:
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Photo from Illinois Supreme Court Website

Photo from Illinois Supreme Court Website


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  • Larry Coombs
    Posted at 17:00h, 22 May

    Wow…you mean the corruption in Illinois just got the means to shine another spotlight on it? Outstanding!!! But also believable since we’re in Illinois. I think I better slap myself to see if I’m dreaming.

  • Don_Cojones
    Posted at 18:29h, 05 June

    RT @ECWDogs: Illinois Supreme Court: State’s Attorneys are subject to Freedom Of Information Act – : IL. SUPREME …